You must have heard the name of your URL because it has an important contribution to the internet world. In such a situation, there is curiosity in our mind to know about it, that is why today we are going to tell you through this post, what is URL?, how URLs work. What is the full form of the URL? And if you want all the information related to this, let’s start this post without any delay.
There are millions of websites on the internet that have direct connections with URLs because it is absolutely impossible to access any website without a URL. For example, if we have to carry electricity from one place to another, then we will use a copper wire or conductor. Only then will the electricity reach the destination. In exactly the same way, URL works like copper which works to reach our destination i.e. website, page, post, so let us know about it in detail.
In today’s post, we are going to give you all the information related to URLs, let’s first see what is URL.
What is URL?
The full form of URL is the Uniform resource locator. You can understand this as the address of a page or website in simple language. Every website or page on the Internet has some URL link and through that, it can be accessed accurately. Different pages or websites have unique URL links.
URL is in text formatted form which is used in web browsers or any other software to find the source of the network.
Any software or web browser uses a URL to find the source of the network. The URL is in formatted text form. The URL is created by the owner of the web server and is also controlled by him.
What is URL Full Form
The full form of URL is Uniform Resource Locator.
How Does URL Access the Web Page?
The web page is accessed through URL. Let us understand this through an example – Whenever a web page has to be opened in a web browser, the first thing that is detected is the computer server or computer host in which the page is already stored. It happens.
In this entire process, the second part of the URL serves as a trace, which we also know as a domain. The second part of the URL i.e. domain establishes TCP with the computer host after finding out the IP address of that computer.
After the connection is successfully established, the name of the file is sent to the protocol through which the web server is opening the connection. This entire process happens very fast and the page is opened through the web browser in a few seconds. In this way, URL plays a major role in the entire process.
Types of URL
URL can be mainly divided into two parts.
1. Absolute URL
We can call this a complete URL because in this type of URL, all the parts of the URL are present and with the help of the URL the resource can be easily located. Website URL contains all the information like Protocol, Domain Name, Domain extension, Directory, File Name, etc.
Due to the absolute URL, the process of connecting from the server to the web browser becomes easy and secure. There is no problem of any kind in between. For this, protocol, domain name, domain extension, directory file, etc. are present, but if there is any kind of error in the domain name or protocol, then the browser is not able to connect to the server.
If there is any mistake in the file name or directory, the web browser connects to the server but is unable to load the resource. For this reason, an Absolute URL is used only after creating it completely.
Absolute URL Example – https://example.com/service/index.html
2. Relative URL
A relative URL is quite different from a literal URL or is composed only of a file name or directory. This type of URL is used to access the original resource present in the web server. To directly access the directory, the web browser does not take the help of protocol or domain name and connects directly to the server.
This type of URL is mostly used by local hosts. To access the directory from the Outpost server, the web browser connects directly, so there is no problem of any kind in between.
Relative URL Example – index.html
Parts of URL?
Just as a wall is made up of several parts of bricks. Similarly, URL is also made up of parts. To access any web page, website, photo, video, audio, etc. resource present on the Internet, URL is used to save the IP address because remembering the URL is a little easier than the IP address.
A URL consists of several parts that have some interaction. Inside the URL, the address of the web page of this website is also specified which resource the user has to access. To know the URL closely, you will have to know all the parts of the youth team that we are talking about below. Similarity The following parts are mainly used in creating a URL.
- Domain name
- Domain Extension
It works to create a URL from a total of 7 parts. They play an important role in the structure of URLs. The special structure corresponding to URL is called URL syntax, that is, URL Syntex works to define the URL structure.
How you can understand what should be the structure of a URL, how it should be written, and how the calls will be consistent with it, this can be done with the help of URL Syntex. Let us now understand all the parts of URLs one by one.
Protocol is that part of the URL which tells how to get the resource. Protocol generally works between a server and a browser. Its main function is to access resources.
Talking about the most popular and secure protocol at present is HTTPS. It locates the resources present in the server. HTTPS uses encryption and accesses resources securely. You may have a question in your mind what is encryption? So for your information, let us tell you that encryption is done between the browser and the server through HTTPS so that the resource or information can be transferred securely.
In the present times, the amount of data theft has increased significantly. For this reason, the encrypted resource is not decoded until the user browser and server access the resource. In this way, there is no fear of theft when data is transferred between the server and the browser. Suppose even if for some reason data theft occurs, it is not possible to misuse the resource, the simple reason for this is that to use it, it will first need to be recorded and this task is very difficult.
For your information, let us tell you that before this, HTTPS was not used to keep websites and web pages secure. HTTP was also used for data transfer between the server and the browser, which was not encrypted, due to which there was a risk of data theft. Keeping this problem in mind, HTTPS was introduced which you can call a secure version of HTTP.
The initial part of each URL is called a protocol. It is mostly HTTP or HTTPS beginning. Apart from this, there are some standard protocols that are used to represent special websites like FTP URL file URL news URL Mali to URL telnet URL tell URL. magnet URL market URL, etc. Let us know about each of these protocols in some detail.
HTTP URL: This type of URL is used to open a web page. HTTP URLs are used followed by domain to start with the port number eg http://www.example.com/index.html
HTTPS URL: HTTPS is made up of HTTP URL. HTTPS URLs are slightly different from HTTP, while being more secure. HTTPS URL is used to keep data secure on the Internet. One of the URLs that can be protected with cryptography is the HTTPS URL. For example https:www.example.com/index.html
FTP URL: The full form of the FTP URL is the File Transfer Protocol URL. This type of URL is specifically used to transfer files from one location to another. In this, the FTP URL is used before the username and password. For example ftp://ftp.example.com/file.txt
Malito URL: Instead of considering it as a URL, you can understand it as a link that is used to send an email from one person to another. Mostly this type of URL is used for e-mail exchange. The email address is present in this type of linked URL. For example mail to: [email protected]
Tel URL: These are URLs that contain a telephone number and are specifically used to communicate with each other. Phone calls can be made using the Tele URL. This is also a type of address through which communication can be done with another person. For example 0123456789
Data URL: Message is hidden in Data URL. This type of URL contains PIN code which is injected for verification. Data URL: This type of URL is used to transfer data in the data URL. Example data: text/plain;base45, SGVsbH9gV15ybGQh
News URL: News URL is mostly used by news publisher websites. What type of URL is used for news events or the latest news-related content?
I have often seen this type of URL in my news website in which the main domain is used before the name. The presence of the word News before the domain indicates a news website. For example news://example.com/articles/2474454
File URL: File URL is used to perform tasks outside the website. This type of URL is especially used to download or upload a file or folder.
With the help of File URL, a file or folder stored on any website can be easily located, it is quite different from other URLs. By accessing the file URL one can directly reach the folder that is required. For example file:///C:/example/file.txt
Magnet URL: You must have heard the name of the torrent file. Magnet file is used to download torrent files. You can consider it as a type of protocol which is also known as Magnet link.
Users using torrent files mostly use Magnet URLs. For example magnet: xt=urn:btih:12a90b1b 6f14bf3c4a 1a9f2a8 4f2684e82f0 c4d8&dn=example+file&tr=udp://tracker.example.com:10
Steam URL: If the Steam URL is understood in simple language, then this type of URL is used for games. Use the Steam URL to access a stored game.
Clicking on a Steam URL-type link can directly access that game. like steam://run/16 2345
Market URL: If you are an Android user then you must have used Market URL because most Market URL is used by Android users. Market URL is used to access any application present on the Play Store.
Only with the help of the Market URL can the application present in the Google Play Store be accessed and downloaded. For example market://details?id=com.example.app
SIP URL: SIP URL is used in communication areas. Is there a common protocol used by voice communication devices? In such URLs also, the help of Voice over IP is taken.
Apart from this, there are some other types of URLs from which protocol information is obtained. Like URL password, URL scheme, URL port, etc. For example sip: [email protected]
Separator plays a key role in URL. You can understand this as space, like (Ravi Kumar) If you want to write your name and title, then use space to separate the name from the title. Similarly, with the help of a separator in the URL, you can separate one part of the URL from another. A special symbol or sign is used to differentiate
So that it can be ensured about which resource is written in the URL. For example, (://) is used to separate the part after HTTP or HTTPS.
Here, keep in mind that this (://) is used only to separate the protocol from other parts of the URL, otherwise if only part of the URL is to be separated then (/) will be used.
This is the part of the URL that is used between the Protocol and the Domain Name, that is, the Subdomain is used after the Protocol in a URL. One of the most popular subdomains is (WWW.).
These have been used the most in this subdomain on the Internet. To understand this in simple language https://www.91seotool.com here Protocol https:// is followed by Subdomain www. Has been used.
However, at present it is not necessary to use only this subdomain. If you visit this page www. Even if you open https://91seotool.com without it, the page will open easily.
Apart from this, website owners can also keep subdomains as per their choice, an example of which can be like this. https://learn.91seotool.com You can see it here. HTTPS protocol is followed by (learn.) which is a subdomain. This can be confirmed that www. It does not matter whether there is a subdomain or not.
But keep one thing in mind www. If instead of other subdomains like (eng.) (Hindi.) (school.) (academy.) are used then it will show a different branch of the same website.
4# Domain name
You must be aware of domain name because the name of a website is generally called a domain name. For example, you can see the URL of this website, here the name of the website is 91seotool and its domain name is also 91seotool In simple language, any website can be identified by its domain name.
Most organizations or website owners keep the domain name in the name of the website because it becomes very easy to remember and people directly reach the URL with the help of the website name.
5# Domain Extension
A suffix is used after the domain name in the URL, which is also called domain extension. It works to indicate the category of the website.
The suffix used after this type of domain is also called top-level domain. Websites are in different categories like if the top-level domain is fx.com then it is a commercial website, if it is dot org then it is an organization, sati.net then it is a network organization.
Similarly, in the present time many top-level domains have come that are used for different categories. For your information, let me tell you that there are different domain extensions for different countries. For example India – .in, Australia – .au, USA – .us, etc.
Directory depends exclusively on the content of the website. For example, if only articles are published on a website, then there will be a separate directory for the articles. Similarly, if the video is published only on the website, then there will be a separate directory for the video like https://91seotool.com/blogging-tips/ The directory name will be used after the domain suffix.
If we talk in simple language, for example, separate folders are made on the phone to keep video and audio. Similarly, there is a directory on the website. A folder can be created inside the folder which can be called a subfolder.
Similarly, a directory is created inside the directory which is called a sub-directory. The website has a directory for different videos, audio, articles, etc. which can be checked from the Domain Suffix.
The storage of the website is done on the web server. Many types of files like photos, text, video, audio, document, etc. are present in this server, to access which URL is used. This is called the real resource. File extension is used to identify the file. For example – .png, .jpeg, .html, .php, .htm, .asp, .cgi, etc.
You can consider URL as a kind of protocol to identify resources that are used on the Internet. It is a type of address that is written in a transmitted manner so that it can act as a unique identifier.
Apart from this, there are some other types of URLs which are as follows
Permalink: This type of URL is used to open a web page and is used by a user to read or access the web page.
Dynamic URL: The URL generated without personal verification is called Dynamic URL. This type of URL comes before the permanent URL of the web page.
Short URL: This type of description is used to make a long or complex URL short and easy. Long URLs are difficult to share on social media or otherwise, which is why these types of URLs are shortened.
History of URL
Uniform Resource Locator was first described by Tim Berners-Lee. He introduced URLs in the 90s to easily find all web pages on the Internet.
It was said by him that with the help of URL all web pages and websites can be located on the Internet. He created the World Wide Web using HTML and Standard Language, with the help of which the Internet is used all over the world today, and later all the web pages were connected through Hyperlink.
Today, with the help of the URL created by them, you can reach any website very easily. Tim Berners-Lee has a huge contribution to making the use of the Internet easier.
How Does URL Work?
To access any resource on the Internet, our browser uses IP i.e. Internet Protocol. There are ranges of IP, an example of which is 188.8.131.52
Now just think, every web page or website on the Internet has a different IP address. If you had to remember the IP address, how difficult would it be and how much trouble would you face in accessing that web page or website? The reason is that the URL was designed so that people do not have to remember the IP Address and the correct website or web page can be easily found.
These keep changing from time to time, hence it becomes difficult to access them, that is why web pages are detected using URL so that one does not have to remember them and can be taken to the destination.
When we type a URL in the browser to locate any web pages or websites on the Internet, the browser converts that URL into an IP address with the help of DNS so that the website of that web page can be reached. Easily accessible. In this way, with the help of DNH present in the browser, the URL is converted into an IP address, and the IP address is also converted into a URL.
Which Characters are Used in URL?
According to RFC 1738, only AlphaNumeric can be used in URLs, apart from this there are some special characters for example, *,’,_, ( !,$,- we can also use these in Strings of URL.
But this question may come to your mind what will happen if we use other characters? So for your information, let me tell you that if you use any other character in URL Strings then you will have to encode it first.
What is URL Shortening?
At present, you must have noticed that the URLs of many websites are long, the main reason for this is that there are many characters in the URL Strings, which makes sharing a very difficult task.
Due to long String URLs, not only the user but also the website or company faces problems. To solve this problem, there are many online translators that work to shorten URLs with long strings, which you can use anywhere.
Apart from this, for your information, let me tell you that there are many URL shortening service providers present on the internet, who provide you free URL shortening services, an example of which is bit.ly.goo.gl.
Features of URL?
There are many features of URL that you can see following:
- With the help of URL, any website or web page can be easily accessed.
- URL is used to connect the Internet browser to the location of the resource.
- Every website, web page, and post present on the Internet has a different unique URL.
- There are several parts of a URL by which a website is located.
- To open a URL, it is necessary to have a domain extension along with a protocol and domain name.
How to Find URL?
Finding URLs has become very easy these days. Earlier we told you that every web page, website, post, etc. present on the internet has a unique URL. You might be aware of this.
Do you want to find out the URL of any web pages or websites? If yes, then you can do this work by going to your browser. To find the URL, you have to open the URL bar of your browser. For example, to know the URL of this post, you will see this type of URL on the URL bar in the browser, this is called URL. Now along with knowing the URL of the website or web page, you can also copy and share it.
If you want to know the URL of a web page with the help of the Chrome browser present on your mobile phone, then open that page. After opening a web page or website, you will see three dots in the right and top corner of the Chrome browser. Click on it, then you will see the option of copy link, by clicking on it you can directly copy the URL of that website.
The URL of web pages is in the URL bar of the browser. At present, the URL bar is present at the top in almost all browsers. But if you want to know the URL of any video or image, then for this you will have to click on the share button. After this, if the option of copy link comes, then you can directly copy the URL to your clipboard, otherwise, you can find out the URL by shredding it.
How to Open URL?
Are you having trouble opening the URL? If yes, then let us tell you that you will need a browser to open the URL. Like Chrome browser, Microsoft browser, Bing, etc. A browser is required to open the URL, only then the website or web page can be accessed.
Because the web browser works to deliver the IP address present in the URL to the resource. To open the URL, first of all, you have to copy the URL in the clipboard, go to the browser present on your device, and then paste the URL outside.
Search after pasting the URL. In this way, you will directly reach the web pages or websites whose URL you have pasted. It may take some time for the URL to open, it depends on the internet speed.
So, friends, we hope that now you have got all the information related to the URL, and you know what this URL is.