What is a Domain Name and How Does it Work? | All Details About the Domain: What is a Domain Name? You must have heard about domain names at some time or the other, every website on the internet has its own domain name through which internet users can search that website, whenever they search any website on the internet. In today’s post, we will discuss what is a domain name. Its types and how to make them? (Domain Name in Hindi)
Then you must have encountered a Domain Name, then a question must have arisen in your mind what is the relationship between a website and a Domain Name?
Through this article, we will tell you what is domain name is (What is a Domain Name), how a domain name works, how many types of domain names are, How to Buy a Good Domain Name, Best Companies to Buy Domain Names. Which one is it? We will give you all types of information related to domain names etc. through this article.
What is a Domain Name?
Domain name is a web address of any website, which is used to view any website on the Internet. Whenever we search domain in the URL bar through a search engine or browser, we directly reach that website.
Domain name reflects the brand of any website present on the Internet and it plays a big role in online success.
If you search anything through Google or any other search engine, you get to see many websites in their results, for example, www.Facebook.com, youtube.com, and Yahoo.com, example.in etc. This name is called a domain name.
If we understand through this example, just like every person has a name through which that person is identified, similarly a website is identified by its domain name, like we find Facebook on the internet from www.Facebook.com. In this, www means (World Wide Web).
Domain name is always unique, that is, the domain name of two websites can never be the same, although their extensions can be different, such as abc.com and abc. in, if a person registers a website named Abc.com from any domain registrar. If someone buys the domain then no one else can buy it.
How Does a Domain Name Work?
Just as we know a website by its domain name, similarly, the browser or search engine through which we search anything knows that website by its IP address, such as 318.104.22.168, every website has its own unique IP address. Has IP address.
Every website present on the Internet has a numerical form which is called an IP address, now a common internet user cannot remember this type of numerical IP address.
Therefore, the address of the website is changed from Numerical form to Alphabetic form for the common user, due to which the domain name is introduced. So that it is easy for the common user to read and remember, but the web browser knows any website only through its IP address.
Therefore, whenever we search a website, our browser searches that website by its IP address. If you want, you can also search a website by its IP address, but for this, you must know the IP address of that website.
When a person buys his domain name to create his own website, it is hosted on a server to show it live on the Internet. For which we buy web hosting. Every server has its own IP address. Any website is pointed to the IP address of its server only.
Therefore, when we buy a domain name, we connect it by entering the IP address of the server in its DNS settings so that when someone searches the name of our website Abc.com in the search bar of the browser.
So this request goes to the DNS server and then by reading the IP address of the website server, the user is directly sent to our website.
What is a Subdomain?
You can consider a part of any main domain extension as a subdomain, this type of domain does not have to be purchased. Suppose you have purchased a name with TLD or CCTLD domain extension, then you can divide it into Subdomains.
The domain name is abcd.com and its subdomain can be created in any way like Hindi.abcd.Com or Eng.abcd.Com, now there is Hindi or Eng in it, it is called a subdomain.
We use subdomains to manage the content of different categories of our website. You must have often seen big internet or news sites using Subdomains. As abc.com is a news website, they have changed this website to Sports.abc.com for sports news and fashion.abc.com for fashion.
The domain name has to be renewed every year. If you want, you can buy the domain for 4-5 years also. If you do not renew the domain name, your domain name can be purchased by someone else.
What is Domain Extension?
Apart from the domain name, you must have heard the name Domain Extension at some time or the other. Whatever is added after the dot at the end of any domain name is called a domain extension. For example, facebook.com is the Facebook domain name and .com is the domain extension.
There are many domain extensions but .com is the most popular domain extension. It is called TLD i.e. Top Level Domain. Apart from this, there are extensions based on many countries like. In (for India), .au (for Australia), and us (for America).
Although extensions have been categorized for different purposes, there is no rule while taking a domain extension that .com can be taken only by companies, or .org can be taken only by organizations. You can choose whatever extension you want for your domain name.
Types of Domain Name
Domain names are mainly divided into three types on the basis of extension:
- Top Level Domain Name
- Country Code Top Level Domain
- New Top Level Domains (nTLDs)
Top Level Domain
TLD means Top-level domain. In this category, such extensions have been kept which are made for all the countries of the world through which the website can run globally. Top-level domains are not related to any one country. By using domain extensions of these categories, you can get your website ranked all over the world. Following are the names of some famous top-level domains such as:
- .Com (Commercial)
- .Org (Organization)
- Gov (Government)
- .Biz (Business)
- .Edu (Education)
- .Net (Network)
- .Info (Information)
Country Code Top Level Domain
After the Top Level Domain, Country Code Top Level Domain was developed, it is called CCTLD in short form, this category of domain has been developed for a single country. By using these Country Code Top Level Domains, you can get the domain name of any country and get your website ranked well in that country.
The top-level country-code domain is created on the basis of the two-letter ISO code of any country. If you want to show your website only in India and your target audience is people of India, then you can use the .in domain extension.
Following are some of the major Country Code Top Level Domain extensions –
- .Us (United States)
- .In (India)
- .Uk (United Kingdom)
- .Ru (Russia)
- .au – Australia
- .cn – China
- .br: Brazil
New Top-Level Domains (TLDs):
Apart from CCTLD and TLD extensions, there are also some New Top Level Domains (nTLDs) extensions. These domain extensions are descriptive in themselves, that is, by looking at them, we can easily find out which category they belong to and what things it is going to tell about such as:
How to Create a Domain Name? Where Else to Buy?
If you want to create your own website or blog, then you will definitely have to get a domain name. Nowadays, there are many companies in the market that are selling domain names. But most of them are resellers, that is, they act as middlemen between the real domain name registrar and you.
Therefore, to save your money and get good customer support, always buy a domain from an ICANN-certified registrar company. Actually, ICANN (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers) is a type of organization that provides authority to domain providers to sell domains.
Below we have mentioned some ICANN-certified companies from where we can buy a domain for our website.
Before buying any domain name extension, you should analyze the prices of all the big companies and buy it directly from the place where you can get the domain name at the cheapest price, but remember to always buy the domain from ICANN certified registrar only.
What is the Difference Between a Domain and a URL?
Often people get confused about the difference between a domain and a URL. Many people think that URLs and domains are the same. If we talk technically, then a domain name can be called a small part of the big internet address which is called “URL”. Are.
URL is called (Uniform Resource Locator) through which we can find out many things like specific page addresses, folder names, machine names, protocol language, etc.
For example, the name of our website is 91techinfo.com but the URL of our website is https://www.91techinfo.com. Through domain name, you can search only one website, but through URL you can search any website present on the internet. Can search specific web pages.
Apart from the domain name, the URL of any website also contains other information such as – protocol, www, address of a specific page, folder name, etc.
How to Keep a Domain Name Secure
After registering a domain name with a registrar, that registrar is responsible for alerting the registrant when their domain is about to expire and providing them with the option to renew, preventing them from losing their domain name. In certain instances, registrars will take advantage of their users’ expired domain names by purchasing them as soon as they become available and selling them back to the original registrant at a steep discount. To prevent these kinds of exploitative operations, it is crucial to select a registrant who is trustworthy and honest.
What is a Business Domain Name?
Your business website’s web address, or the address you type into your browser to access a website, is known as a business domain name. To access your company website, enter the domain name rather than the address of your actual location.
A domain name substitutes for an IP address, which is a cumbersome, difficult-to-remember series of numbers specific to a website. A business domain name consists of the part that is particular to your company and an extension (or suffix), like.com ,.net, or.org. Top-level domains (TLDs) are the names given to these suffixes.
How do You get a Business Domain Name?
To obtain a business domain name, you must first decide on the best domain name for your company and then purchase it from a domain name registrar. Because a website builder sometimes acts as a domain name registrar, you can frequently purchase a domain through your web hosting business. In reality, when you begin your business website, the first domain registration and website hosting stages sometimes occur concurrently. In other words, many domain registrars also serve as web hosting providers.